NATO alliance is responding to the tensions in the Black Sea region caused by Ukrainian crisis (war in Donbas and occupation and militarization of the Crimea by Russia).
Every military pilot knows, that the greatest threat to his aircraft is the enemy anti air defense net. This usually includes various kinds of radars and SAM platforms. This threat is even greater then enemy air force. That's why electronic warfare – measures undertaken to “blind” enemy radar systems – is so important, and that is why enemy air defenses, alongside with enemy air force, are obvious first targets in modern air warfare.
Turkey has conducted test firings of domestically manufactured weapons from its Anka (the drone is named after a phoenix-like mythological creature called Zümrüd-ü Anka, alternatively called Anka kuşu (Anka bird) in Turkish language) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV).